Tunisie, Libye : perspicacité diplomatique Française

La lecture des câbles diplomatiques publiés par Wikileaks apporte toujours son lot de guignolades. Dernier en date, ce télégramme diplomatique américain qui rapporte la vision de la diplomatie française sur les relations entre notre pays, l’Algérie, la Tunisie et la Libye. Il est daté du 8 février 2010. A cette époque, le sous-directeur chargé de l’Afrique du Nord, Cyrille Rogeau ne voyait rien venir des bouleversements dans la région tant il pensait la population Tunisienne « docile » en échange du bonheur apporté par la croissance économique. Un must:

Rogeau claimed French relations with Tunisia have
begun returning to ""normal"" since the December 2009 visit to
Tunis of Frederic Mitterrand, French Minister of Culture and
Communication.  After a series of public spats during 2009,
following the Government of Tunisia's strident reaction to
French criticism of their treatment of journalists,
Mitterand's trip reportedly helped diminish lingering
tensions.  The French currently perceive Tunisia as the most
stable country in the Maghreb, according to Rogeau.  Compared
to their North African neighbors, he argued, Tunisia has a
highly educated population (only a seven percent illiteracy
rate, versus 50 percent in Morocco), with the lowest
unemployment in the region, and a bureaucracy that functions
reasonably well.  Tunisia's economy has a strong reputation
in the region, as exemplified by the investment it has
attracted from Gulf countries.  Rogeau claimed Tunisians
appear to perceive a link between the practices of a police
state and successful economic development; as a result, they
accept a form of social contract: in exchange for stability

PARIS 00000144  004 OF 004

and growth, the population keeps quiet.  Moreover, apart from
Ben Ali's succession, the French do not believe Tunisia faces
destabilizing changes in the near-term.  At the same time,
Rogeau observed, Ben Ali's approach entails significant
risks, including the growth of a middle class that demands
more political freedom, and the risk that economic growth
will slow or stop.  If the government stops providing
financial and social security, it will have broken the
unspoken contract and the population may become less docile.

¶15.  (C) As to one of the journalists whom the Government of
Tunisia has harassed and imprisoned, Taoufik Ben Brik, Rogeau
described him as ""not the best example"" of journalistic
integrity.  Rogeau reported that French courts are also
currently pursuing Ben Brik, for having allegedly attacked a
Tunisian woman who has decided to press charges against him
in France.  Ben Brik, according to Rogeau, is very well
organized, with many contacts in France whom he has activated
on his behalf.  Nonetheless, the French no longer discuss his
case with the Tunisians, Rogeau said.  (NOTE: After French
Foreign Minister Kouchner mentioned the case of Ben Brik in
an interview in November 2009, Ben Ali responded angrily,
accusing France, for the first time, of hypocrisy in light of
its colonial history in Tunisia, according to Rogeau and MFA
Tunisia Desk Officer Clemence Weulersse.  See Paris Points,
November 13, 2009.  END NOTE.)
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¶16.  (C) French relations with Libya are ""stable"" at the
moment, according to Rogeau, but the French are growing
increasingly frustrated with the Libyans' failure to deliver
on promises regarding visas, professional exchanges, French
language education, and commercial deals.  ""We (and the
Libyans) speak a lot, but we've begun to see that actions do
not follow words in Libya,"" Rogeau lamented. ""The Libyans
talk and talk but don't buy anything (from us).  Only the
Italians land any contracts.""  The French have made many
gestures, Rogeau claimed, which they believe have not
reciprocated by the Libyans.  He did cite one sign of
progress: during his U.N. speech, Libyan leader Qaddafi did
not attack either France or the U.S. directly.  ""This
omission was rare.  We took note.""  Rogeau said France must
be patient, but they will move forward ""with less enthusiasm
than before.""
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Auteur: Antoine Champagne - kitetoa

Dinosaure du Net, journaliste à ses heures. A commis deux trois trucs (Kitetoa.com, Aporismes.com et Reflets.info).

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