Following the detailed description of the Syrian security forces, this second part is a continuation of the interview of a Syrian citizen now living in the European Union. The first part showed how developed are the Syrian intelligence services (Mukhabarat), both inside the army and inside the police. They are divided into many branches that watch each other in addition to keeping a constant eye over the civilian population. Moreover, their relative impunity seems to be a powerful tool to frighten a significant part of the population, often by using physical retaliation means.
Being an opponent to the regime thus seems to be a tricky situation in which people are forced to remain silent, in turns losing their chances to simply express their opinion.
This second part gives a light insight on how the economic lever is used by the government to increase presure on people and how the highly oppressive and conflicting situation affects people’s judgment and could lead to a weaponization of the conflict and eventually to a civil war.
Syrian currency, which is manufactured in Germany, Belgium and Austria, is not exported to Syria anymore due to European Union embargo. New oil contracts are forbidden. Tourism is very probably completely stopped, and both state-controlled and private companies are cutting off jobs. The country seems to be running out of cash. What can be the consequences on both the population and the regime of this progressive economic breakdown?
The people will starve more and more and the regime will stay. The regime did not hesitate to shoot down dissidents, so do you think it will cause a problem for the regime to increase inflation rate, or impose austerity plans!!!
We have been reported that weapons are now available to some revolutionary people, who are considering the possibility to use them. Should they use them at some point, or should they totally refrain?
I am against civil war, but I am for self defense. So if you have a gang of Shabeeha trying to rape your wife or killing your father, and you have a weapon I do not see how you will not use it.
Some defected soldiers formed the so-called Free Syrian Army and are starting to fight back against pro-regime forces. Should this be seen as a good thing for the revolution?
I wouldn’t say fight back, I would say defending their sites. Honestly I don’t know if it is good thing or not. Look at the example of Al-Rastan, the city was demolished.
How high is the risk to see this people’s revolution being transformed into a civil war because of sectarism, generalized mutual defiance and weaponization?
The risk is getting higher everyday, but not because of sectarism and weaponization. It is because of the brutality of the regime, that left scars in every family in Syria.
Would the regime benefit from such a civil war?
Yes, because they have the power, they know they will win such a war, and they will justify their use of excess force against civilians.